The WaPOR project aims to assist partner countries in developing their capacity to monitor and improve water and land productivity in agriculture, both rainfed and irrigated, responding therefore to the challenges that are posed by the dwindling of freshwater resources and the need to sustain agricultural production to ensure food security in the face of a changing climate. We need to produce more while also consuming less water.
DUPC2 Water Accounting+ phase I focussed on the development of the framework and the supporting tools. These tools have been used for WA+ applications in several river basins in Asia, Africa and the Middle East as well as for training of stakeholders and future users of WA+. The proposal for the second phase focusses on increasing opportunities to inform decision making for in river basin management by further improving the tools and synthesising the training materials for a wider audience. The three following objectives were identified for phase II: (1) Increase uptake of WA+ results to inform decision making, (2) Improve accuracy of WA+ outputs and understanding of uncertaintie, (3) Education, capacity development and dissemination of the WA+ framework and tools.
The project Water Productivity Improvement in Practice (Water-PIP) aims to facilitate the increase in crop water productivity in DGIS partner countries in Africa and Near East and Northern Africa (NENA) region. With nearly ten years of data available at a spatial resolution of 1 ha through the FAO-based WaPOR database, the project is at an excellent position to utilize this database to assess water productivity trends at project and national level. It also aims to connect IT business solutions to the WaPOR database to improve the analyses and provide more insight into the database for practical applications. It will also capture practical solutions and link agribusinesses to improve land and water productivity.
The second phase of Water-PIP project is envisaged to expand the hackathons and support the national policies of additional countries. Phase 2 will also support the development of local knowledge hubs. Based on all the analyses, the project throughout its phases will communicate its findings to DGIS and FAO as key partners in the development of the WaPOR database. It will provide input into the feasibility of the Dutch ambition to improve water productivity by 25%. In addition it will reach out to international water and food programmes to support their efforts in improving water productivity.
The DGIS funded ‘Using Remote Sensing in support of solutions to reduce agricultural water productivity gaps’ project’s main aim is to develop and open access data portal on remote sensing derived water productivity in Africa and the MENA region, hosted by FAO. The Frame consortium, consisting of eLEAF, Vito, ITC and the WaterWatch foundation, is responsible for creating and providing the data for the project. The four major outputs of this project are: 1. An operational database, covering Africa and the Near East to monitor agricultural water and land productivity 2. An assessment of agricultural water and land productivity, productivity gaps and capacity development to close these gaps 3. An assessment of the consequences and sustainability of possible increases in water productivity in agriculture 4. Capacity development of stakeholders to increase water productivity sustainably. IHE Delft contributes to this project by providing water accounting for 5 major basins, Litani, Jordan, Niger, Nile, and Awash Rivers (output 3). In addition, IHE Delft is performing a quality assessment of the WaPOR database using continental level datasets, country and basin level comparisons and point comparisons with field observations. IHE Delft provides input into output 2 with regard to method development, validation and field work through research projects of M.Sc. and Ph.D. students. In addition, IHE Delft is the lead in training activities of staff in ministries, knowledge institutes, river basin authorities, irrigation authorities, farmers organizations and others (output 4).
The objectives of the proposed project are twofold: supporting (a) ADB’s lending and non-lending assistance in the water sector and (b) the design of irrigation projects at an early stage. A. Support (non-)lending assistance in the water sector The proposed project aims to support ADB’s lending and non-lending assistance in the water sector by creating (i) comprehensive, (ii) comprehensible and (iii) accessible information on available water resources and their current uses in major river basins. B. Support irrigation designs The design of irrigation schemes is aided at project starts by identifying (i) suitable interventions and (ii) providing baseline data on land and water productivity.
IHE Delft in cooperation with the United Nation Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) conducted a water accounting study for the Urmia Basin in Iran. The project “Rapid Assessment of the Water Accounts in Lake Urmia Basin, Iran” (WA-Urmia) was part of FAO led Integrated Programme for Sustainable Water Resources Management in Urmia Lake Basin (GCP/IRA/066/JPN) that aims at contributing to the mandate of the Urmia Lake Restoration Program (ULRP) by providing technical and strategic support in implementing an integrated and sustainable management system for the Urmia Lake basin.
The target is to develop under DUPC2 - with partners - an innovative open access system for water accounting of (transboundary) river basins. The tools as well as the data will be disseminated non-restrictively to a wide international water resources related audience. It should culminate into a semi-automated monthly measurement-verification-monitoring system with the flows, fluxes, stocks and consumptive use being determined on the basis of reliable and unbiased remote sensing measurements. The target is to provide an alternative to the expensive SEEAW water accounting system, and we will demonstrate examples of longer term water resources planning being based on Water Accounting+ information.
The project also contributed to ADB agenda through its studies on crop water productivity (CWP) as water security is heavily underlined with irrigation water use in many Asian countries. “More crop per drop” will help ADB and its clients look at more efficient way of developing and managing the biggest water user – irrigation, and potentially, exploring possibility of building WP as diagnostic tool and monitoring indicator into ADB and country investment and management plans. The overall objective of this pilot and capacity building project is to help improve planning processes of the ADB investments in water security and irrigation systems, and enhance capacity to countries on the concepts of Crop Water Productivity. A CWP diagnosis of selected irrigation projects in 5 countries were implemented in order to increase the understanding on how to operationalise concepts of CWP under practical conditions in Asian developing countries.
The Global Water Accounting project led by UNESCO‐IHE, FAO and IWMI which started in 2014 aims to make neutral analyses of the water accounts for some major river basins located in the DUPC focus countries, share the data with the governmental agencies, and make water policy makers aware of the opportunities and limitations of the approach. In 2015 the analytic framework for Water Accounting Plus (WA+) was further improved, and first sheets were constructed for the Mara basin. The materials gained are used for training and educational purposes at UNESCO‐IHE, and partner institutes involved